Category: BRM

Collision Avoidance : AIS vs. ARPA


The Incident

On 11 January 2014, the MV Rickmers Dubai collided with the towing vessel Kingston and crane barge Walcon Wizard in the Dover Strait.  This case highlights some of the issues of using shipborne Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) for collision avoidance versus use of Automatic Radar Plotting Aids (ARPA) combined with AIS information.  While there are numerous issues relating to Bridge Resource Management (BRM) on both vessels, we will concentrate on the aforementioned AIS vs. ARPA issue.

Continue reading “Collision Avoidance : AIS vs. ARPA”

Avoiding the Single Point of Failure in BRM


BRM or Bridge Resource Management is much more than a buzzword.  Growing out of the research and successes of Crew Resource Management (CRM) in the aviation industry, leaders in the maritime industry such as Captain Richard Beadon have taken these tenets to new levels of effectiveness.

The American Practical Navigator, better known simply as Bowditch, speaks of BRM as “the study of the resources available to the navigator and the exploitation of them in order to conduct safe and efficient voyages.”  A mouthful for sure, but boiling BRM and CRM down to the basics of risk management and human error management, we can see that one of the main goals is the elimination of the single point of failure, or in this case, error. Continue reading “Avoiding the Single Point of Failure in BRM”